The Public Works Department (PWD) of Malaysia, through its Centre of Excellence for Engineering and Technology (CREATE), is studying road pavement technology utilizing asphalt from waste plastic and latex, in its effort to reduce maintenance costs of retarring conventional asphalts roads which are prone to pothole formation across the country. Two sites of road stretches in Temerloh, Pahang and Chukai, Terengganu, have been involved in the study.
At the Temerloh site, a lane of 175m was paved with a mixture of plastic waste and asphalt, while another stretch of 645m was paved with latex asphalt in September 2017. Three types of paving materials were used at the Kemaman site resurfacing work completed in October 2018, with waste plastic asphalt covering a 615m stretch of road, latex asphalt over a 990m stretch of road, and another 1,330m stretch of road paved by latex mastic asphalt. The study is expected to be concluded after two years of monitoring, but thus far according to PWD the initial observation is positive.
The department is said to be taking the lead from India, which has started to use plastic as an additional component when retarring roads for the past 15 years and found that these roads, currently stretching to about 25,000km across India, are more resilient than the conventional asphalt-paved roads. Indonesia was reported to have started with a similar study in 2017 in Bali. Based on PWD’s account around 2% of the kind of plastic waste generated in Malaysia is usable for the road paving industry, and the country would need to import such waste from countries like Australia and the United Kingdom if it decides to use waste plastic asphalt as a resurfacing material on a wider scale in the future.
(Sources: The Malay Mail; FMT News)
The Malaysian Department of Environment (DoE), under the Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change (MESTECC), has set a target to close down 100 illegal plastic recycling factories by end of March 2019.
MESTECC has identified a total of 97 illegal plastic waste recycling plants so far and it hopes to shut down these factories within the first quarter of 2019. Selangor is a hotspot for these factories with 61 factories identified in the state. MESTECC has also identified six factories in Johor, 10 each in Kedah and Negeri Sembilan, seven in Perak, two in Penang and one in Kelantan. The government will cut off their electricity supply and try ro ensure that they are not able to shift their operations to another location.
Along with shutting down illegal establishments, the government is also conducting checks on legal factories to ensure they comply with the Environmental Quality Act 1974. Out of the 48 legal plastic recycling factories in Selangor, 20 which were found to be polluting the environment have been shut down.
When China banned plastic waste imports in 2018, the volume of plastic waste moving to Malaysia exploded, before a temporary restriction imposed in July 2018. More than 450,000 tons of plastic scrap was imported into the country between January and July 2018, 40% higher than imports for the entire year of 2017 and many illegal recycling plants sprung up around the country. In reaction to reports of pollution in Kuala Langat, Selangor , the government revoked approved permits (AP) to import used plastic.
(Sources : The Star; Malaysia Kini; The Malaysian Insight)
Malaysia’s Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad has launched the B10 Biodiesel Programme for all diesel vehicles in the transportation industry starting from 1 February 2019. Fuel mix for these vehicles will soon comprise 10% palm oil biodiesel and 90% fossil diesel. The use of 10% palm oil biodiesel in Malaysia for vehicles such as four-wheel-drive vehicles, lorries and buses will reduce the emission of greenhouse gases by 1.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per year.
The mandatory usage of B10 is foreseen to strengthen the domestic demand for palm oil, thus, stabilising the supply of palm oil stocks. This is expected to increase the revenue of some 650,000 palm oil smallholders in Malaysia.
Malaysia first initiated mandatory use of palm oil biodiesel for diesel vehicles in 2011 with the B5 Biodiesel Programme. The programme entailed the use of 5% blending of palm oil biodiesel (which was later increased to 7 percent) with 95% fossil diesel for the transportation sector fuel mix in 2014. The government plans to introduce B20 Biodiesel to the fuel mix by 2020.
(Sources: The Star; The Edge Markets)
Nextgreen Global Bhd, one of the leading printing companies in Malaysia, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with two Japanese firms, diversfied heavy-industry manufacturer IHI Corporation and financial holding firm Nomura Holdings Inc, on 8 November to form a green technology investment partnership.
Nexgreen is developing technology to convert Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) into pulp (EFB Pulp) and paper (EFB Paper) in order to solve environmental issues caused by wasted EFB in the palm oil industry. The company has begun construction of an EFB Pulp plant in Pahang, Malaysia. Meanwhile, IHI has begun commercial operation to produce pellet made from EFB and desires to secure a stable procurement route for necessary volume of EFB. Nextgreen and IHI will expore the potential business derived from combining sale of EFB Pulp, EFB Paper and EFB Pellet. Nomura will provide financial advisory services.
The study may extend to collaborations in further research & development of utilisation of palm waste into usable productsincluding but not limited to utilisation of Palm Kernel Shell, Oil Palm Trunk, Oil Palm Frond and Palm Oil Mill Effluent.
The preliminary target time schedule of the Study consists of evaluating the profitability of the Business by the end of January 2019; evaluating cash management plan for the Business by the end of February 2019; and decisions by each Party whether to proceed to the studied investment by the end of March 2019.
(Source: The Star Online; Nextgreen Global Bhd)
The Ministry of Housing and Local Government is considering imposing a levy on plastic waste imports to address concerns related to plastic pollution from the local recycling industry. Currently plastic waste importers are importing the waste for free, however this may change if the government proceeds with its plan to impose a levy of MYR 15 (USD 3.60) per tonne of imported plastic waste.
The authorities will also make the application process for plastic waste factories to obtain approved permits to import plastic waste into the country more stringent, while making it necessary to get approval from the Malaysian Investment Development Authority to obtain the permits.
There are currently 114 active legal plastic recycling factories across Malaysia. In July 2018, the ministry revoked permits to import plastic waste for three months, a move that affected all the licensed factories till October 23. Following China’s recent ban on the import of plastic waste, much of the plastic waste from western countries including Britain, Australia and New Zealand were rerouted to South East Asian countries, including Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand. This is said to have caused serious pollution, especially in the Kuala Langat area of the state of Selangor, where many illegal plastic waste recycling factories operate in the middle of vast palm oil plantations.
(Sources: The Star; The Straits Times)
In accordance with the government’s move to implement the Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) certification and make it mandatory for local palm oil industry players to obtain one by December 31, 2019, the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is offering MSPO certification assistance for palm oil plantation and mill operators. NIOSH’s subsidiary, NIOSH Certification Sdn Bhd has been approved as a training center for MSPO auditors by the Malaysian Palm Oil Certification Council in June 2018, and is looking to provide assistance and collaborate with plantation, mill owners and associations in the palm oil sector to attain MSPO certification in line with the government’s target.
The MSPO certification is a national scheme for oil palm plantations, independent and organized smallholdings and palm oil processing facilities to be certified against the requirements set by the MSPO standards. First introduced in 2015, it covers seven standard areas which are management commitment and responsibility; transparency; compliance to legal requirements; social responsibility, safety and employment conditions; environment, natural resources, biodiversity and ecosystem services; best practices; and development of new plantings. It aims to promote responsible palm oil production in Malaysia.
MSPO certification scheme has been approved as a tool for the Tokyo 2020 Olympics and Paralympic Games Sustainable Sourcing Code for Palm Oil. According to news sources 20% of palm oil growers are currently certified with MSPO certification nationwide. The government is working tirelessly with the industry’s big corporations such as FGV Holdings Sdn Bhd and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to reach its 100% target by end of 2019.
(Sources: New Straits Times; The Edge Markets; The Sun Daily)
Sime Darby Plantation (SDP) launched a fabric Recycling Initiative in collaboration with fabric recycling company, Kloth Cares, demonstrating its commitment towards sustainable practices. SDP is the world’s largest oil palm plantation company (by planted area) and the world’s largest producer of Certified Sustainable Palm Oil (CSPO).
This initiative is aimed at educating SDP’s employees to recycle unwanted fabrics and to prevent them from ending up in landfills. Clothes collected will be segregated at the collection centre and those that are still in good condition will be sent to charitable organisations in Malaysia and abroad. Items that are no longer wearable will be made into useful items such as wiping cloth or fabric pallets that can be used to fuel boilers.
The project is a part of SDP’s bigger waste recycling plan namely to reduce the number of landfills in its operations by segregating waste at source. To date, the company has successfully reduced the number of its landfills in Malaysia by 37%. It hopes to further reduce the number by 50% in 2021 and by 70% by 2023.
In 2017, Malaysia produced 2,000 tonnes of textile waste, which constitutes about 4%of the total municipal waste of from 42,000 tonnes generated daily. SDP started its recycling initiative called War on Waste (WoW) in 2016 by partnering with Community Recycle Charity (CRC). Through this programme, it has successfully collected about MYR 5,000 (USD 1,218) from the sale of the recyclable office waste. SDP will extend its sustainability efforts with its Zero Plastic initiative commencing at its headquarters by September 2018.
(Sources: Sime Darby Plantation; The Edge Markets;The Star)
The recently formed Malaysian Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change (MESTECC) has announced a move away from the use of landfills towards Waste-To-Energy (WTE) methods. MESTECC has stated that they are prepared and ready to manage the energy produced from WTE.
Management of the waste on the other hand, falls under the newly formed Ministry of Housing and Local Government (KPKT). The Minister of KPKT has announced the phasing out of landfills and are conducting a comprehensive study to adopt more energy efficient and eco-friendly methods.
KPKT is currently undertaking a study which includes researching the viability of four main methods which are biomass waste management technology, WTE, incinerator or biodigester to be implemented based on the suitability of the locality as well as the types of waste involved.
KPKT expects their study to be concluded by the end of this year and will begin making subsequent plans thereafter.The Minister of KPKT, The Honourable Zuraida Kamaruddin also aims to decentralise Malaysia’s waste management to the local councils.
(Sources: The Star; The Edge Property; The Sun Daily; Malaysia Now)
Researchers at the University of Nottingham in Malaysia, working together with Malaysian industry partners, have constructed an integrated zero-waste management system for the Havys Oil Mill Sdn Bhd palm oil mill located in Palong.
This pilot features an Integrated Recovery and Regeneration System (REGEN), bringing together various technologies to convert all solid biomass waste and Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) into valuable products and bio-energy.
Currently, Malaysia is the second-largest crude palm oil producer in the world, producing close to half of the global demand for the oil, which is used in a wide range of food items and household products. There are more than 400 palm oil mills in Malaysia producing vast quantities of POME, which is comprised of palm kernel shell and mesocarp fibre from the oil palm fruitlet, empty fruit branches and waste water. The Department of Environment (DOE) has begun enforcing the mandate for proper waste disposal and treatment at the palm oil mills.
The integrated system can convert oil palm biomas into various products, such as dried long fibre for matting, pallets, briquettes and biofuels. The empty fruit bunches can be used to make bio-fertiliser, thereby reducing the use of chemcials and creating healthier soil. This in turn improves the overall palm fruit yield and the quality of the crude oil.
Along with the biomass processing technology, the project has also been investigating how to recycle POME. The raw effluent requires effective treatment to meet government discharge limits before being released into the watercourse. An Integrated Anaerobic-Aerobic Bioreactor (IAAB) has been developed to address the problem, by turning the liquid effluent into water which can be reused in the palm oil milling process, and can be further purified into clean drinking water. This activity generates methane as a by-product, which the IAAB system simultaneously recovers and converts a high-quality biogas for use as fuel.
According to Professor Denny K. S. Ng from the University’s Faculty of Engineering in Malaysia, in principle, this new technology could lead to zero discharge from the entire mill process.
The REGEN system is one of the key projects in the university’s Centre of Sustainable Palm Oil Research (CESPOR) based at the Malaysia campus near Kuala Lumpur. CESPOR is a multi-disciplinary research centre which focuses on the entire palm oil industry, from plantation to waste treatment. The centre is collaborating with Malaysian companies, Eureka Synergy Sdn.Bhd. and Havys Oil Mill Sdn.Bhd.
(Source: University of Nottingham, Malaysia; The Engineer Online)
Continuing their efforts in encouraging Green Technology development in Malaysia, the government, through the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water (KeTTHA) has announced the Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS) 2.0. This builds upon the initial GTFS, that rolled out RM 3.5 billion (~USD 890 million) from 2010 -2017. The RM 5 billion (~USD1.3 billion) GTFS 2.0, launched in 2018, will be available until 2022 is in line with the Green Technology Master Plan (GTMP) and is expected to generate RM6.5 billion (USD3.1 billion) in green investments, the creation of 5,000 jobs and the aversion of 3.5 million tonnes of carbon emissions.
This GTFS covers four broad areas which are energy, waste & water, building & township as well as transportation. Projects that are eligible for the GTFS include the energy supply sector, energy utilisation sector, demand management programmes, water and waste management sector and public transportation sector. The funds are disbursed to the private sector by means of a soft loan, administered through private banking financial institutions established in Malaysia including Affin Islamic Bank, Bank Rakyat, Exim Bank, HSBC Bank, Kuwait Finance House, Maybank Islamic, OCBC and Standard Chartered.
The GTFS is applicable to locally established companies. The companies are divided into two main categories namely Producers – companies that manufacture green technology products and Users – companies that operate green technology facilities. Producers will need to be at least 51% Malaysian owned while users will need to be 70% Malaysian owned. All projects must be legally registered Malaysian companies.
Projects that have been previously approved include manufacturing of solar photo-voltaic cells, end-of-life tyre recycling, electric pedal assisted bicycles, green digital and offset printing production centres, the use of hybrid vehicles at airports, medical waste treatment, manufacturing of biodegradable disposable food packaging and so forth. The full list of approved projects reflects the breadth of areas covered in the GTFS. This and information on participating banks, criteria for qualification and other information can be found at the GTFS website at www.gtfs.my.
(Sources: Green Technology Financing Scheme website, The Malaysian Reserve)
Malaysians will soon be the first nation to earn gold by recycling their plastic bottles and aluminium cans. The South East Asian fintech company HelloGold and Malaysia’s reverse-vending machine (RVM) company KLEAN has started implementing a recycling scheme that offers Malaysians 0.00059 grams of investment-grade gold for each recycled plastic bottle and each aluminium can.
Malaysians can start earning gold by first downloading the HelloGold app from the Google Play Store or Apple Store and registering for an account. Once registered, users can bring their plastic bottles and aluminium cans to any KLEAN RVM for recycling. After depositing the bottles or cans in the machine, users can choose to convert their KLEAN e-credits into gold through a seamless integration between the KLEAN digital wallet and the HelloGold mobile app. Users can also register for an account at any of the forty machines that will be available across Klang Valley in July 2018, and 500 machines across Malaysia at key locations before the end of the year.
According to Reuters, imports of plastic waste have increased sharply in South East Asia following China’s decision to ban imports of plastic waste from the start of 2018. Malaysia’s plastic imports jumped from 288,000 tonnes in 2016 to 450,000 tonnes in 2017; in the same period, Vietnam’s imports rose by 62%, Thailand’s by 117%, and Indonesia’s by 65%. HelloGold’s partnership with KLEAN aims to incentivise people to clean up the environment, while accessing new financial products, such as gold. After launching in Malaysia, HelloGold is considering its expansion to other countries, such as Singapore and South Africa.
The National Water Services Commission (Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara or SPAN) has announced that the national water supply coverage in Malaysia stands at 95.7%. The three states highlighted as having the lowest coverage are Kelantan (64.7%), followed by Sabah (89.4%) and Sarawak (94.5%). An estimated 1.4 million people in the country, out of a population of 32 million, still do not obtain treated water supply. The government aims to have 99% of the population served by clean and treated water by 2020. Overall, urban access to drinking water is better than rural access.
Malaysia faces various challenges in delivering treated water, particularly in the country's outbacks; these include the fact that water treatment plants being located too far away from consumers, low water catchment areas that require additional booster pumps, as well as climatic conditions such as droughts and floods.
A number of government bodies are involved in the pursuit of safe drinking water. SPAN regulates water supply and sewerage services; the Department of Environment regulates wastewater effluent quality through the Environmental Quality Act 1974 whereas the Ministry of Health regulates food safety, including drinking water through Food Act 1983 and Food Regulations 1985.
(Source: Datuk Seri Panglima Wilfred Madius Tangau)
Dunheved Group Limited (DGL), in partnership with Oltremare Italy, University Technology Petronas (UTP), and other local industrial partners and experts in the water industry, has announced the establishment of the center of excellence for water technology and innovation in Malaysia, known as Oltremare Asia Center of Excellence (OACE). The center will conduct R&D on water technologies and will aim to commercialize water innovations in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
By leveraging its close partnership with major government agencies, such as the Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation, the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water, the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), Malaysian Investment Development Authority (MIDA) as well as its worldwide network of partners, the center will work closely with potential investors, and local and international experts to develop technologies that solve issues of clean water supply. In doing so, the OACE is looking to tap into the emerging Malaysian nanotechnology ecosystem, and act as a catalyst for further nanotechnology research development and commercialisation, thus creating new industries in Malaysia.
The initial focus of OACE R&D activities will be on membrane-based water treatment technologies.
(Source: Malaysian World News)
Kelington Group Berhad, through its 94%-owned subsidiary Ace Gases Sdn Bhd, has signed a supply agreement for sale and purchase of carbon dioxide (CO2) waste gas with Petroliam Nasional Berhad (Petronas). The agreement which will commence in 2019 is tenured for 15 years, with renewal option subjected to mutual agreement of both parties upon expiry. The agreement marked a strategic foray for the company to become a manufacturer of liquid CO2, which is widely used to make carbonated drinks in Malaysia's F&B industry in addition to refrigeration and freezing of food as well as in fabrication and construction industries.
Under the scope of the agreement Kelington will purify and liquefy CO2 waste gas supplied by Petronas Gas Processing Plant in Kerteh, Terengganu in excess of 50,000 metric ton annually to be sold to end users both in Malaysia and abroad. The process will be carried out at a new neighboring gas plant to be set up by Kelington, which will involve an estimated investment cost of MYR 50 million (USD 12.6 million) to MYR 60 million (USD 15.1 million).The integrated engineering solution provider was founded in 2000 to provide Ultra High Purity (UHP) gas delivery solutions to the electronics and semiconductor industry.
(Sources: Gasworld; The Edge Markets; Kelington Group Berhad)
BTM Western Power Green Energy Sdn Bhd (BTMWP), a subsidiary of BTM Resources Berhad, has entered into a heads of agreement (HoA) with China’s SEPCO Electric Power Construction Corporation for the award of an engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning with finance (EPC+F) contract on an exclusive basis. The contract will be executed at a later stage.
The HoA is subsequent to a memorandum of understanding between BTM and China Western Power International Pte Ltd and Sichuan No. 2 Electric Power Construction Co (Sichuan Power) entered earlier in April, to establish a municipal solid waste-to-energy (WTE) generation plant in Melaka worth MYR 435 million (US$ 144 million). BTMWP plans to develop a waste incineration power plant project capable of processing no less than 1,000 tonnes daily, and has been looking for a qualified EPC+F contractor with the capacity and capability to execute the project.
By awarding the contract to SEPCO, BTMWP will be in charge of project development and investment, while necessary preliminary work will be completed by SEPCO in cooperation with BTMWP. SEPCO will also take care of the project engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning general contracting, and financial aspect of the project. The HoA is expected to diversify BTM’s income stream and contribute to the profitability of the group in the future, aside from providing a platform for the company to tap into SEPCO’s reputation, standing and experience in power generation projects in the region.
(Sources: MIDA; The Sun Daily; The Edge Markets)
The Sarawak state government will be implementing environmental audits for all development projects that require an environmental impact assessment (EIA). The environmental audit will bring a new dimension to the forestry and timber industry, migrating from the conventional regulatory requirement towards self-regulation. All completed development projects are required to submit EIA reports to the Natural Resources and Environmental Board (NREB) effective 9 November 2017. NREB has previously conducted training sessions for environmental auditors to carry out environmental audits, but his was not implemented in the past due to resistance from industry players. All audits will be verified by a third party to ensure fairness and penalties will be imposed for non-compliance. Failure to submit the audit would lead to penalties and fines.
An MoU was signed between the NREB, and the Sarawak Timber Association (STA) and eight of their member companies this month, to carry out a strategic collaboration to conduct a pilot project on environmental compliance audit in their areas and to submit the audit findings report to the NREB.
(Sources: The Borneo Post; The Malay Mail)
The Malaysian Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water (KeTTHA) is implementing the Green Technology Master Plan (GMTP) 2017 which will require a total fund of MYR 1 billion (USD 235.6 million) for the next five years. The master plan outlines Malaysia’s strategic plan for green technology development to create a low carbon and resource efficient economy. This framework will align the strategic goals of stakeholders across the country, enabling a concerted national effort that will leverage on green technology to balance economic interests with environmental protection. These initiatives are leveraged across six major sectors namely energy, manufacturing, building, transport, waste and water. GMTP is envisaged to create over 200,000 green jobs and generate a total revenue of MYR 180 billion (USD 42.4 billion) by 2030.
The Malaysian Government has also introduced the Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS) which offers financial access to green entrepreneurs up to MYR 3.358 billion (USD 791 million) in funds for 302 green projects. These projects have the potential to generate MYR 6.486 billion (USD 1.5 billion) worth of green investments, create over 5,000 jobs, and avert emissions amounting to 3.513 million tonnes of CO2e (carbon dioxide equivalent).
The Government is also planning to establish a financial institution in the form of a green investment bank by as early as 2020.
(Sources: The Edge Markets; The Star)
Two Malaysian firms, Bluewater Partners and Indah Water Konsortium, have signed MoUs and Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDAs) with a Hungarian renewable energy company, Thermowatt Energy and Building Ltd., which has successfully developed the technology for cooling and heating large buildings using sewer lines since 2010. The aim of the signed and exchanged documents are to facilitate the beginning of a cooperation favouring the development and installation of the highly energy efficient sewage water utilising cooling systems in Malaysia as well as to set up fundamental partnerships for the forthcoming project application to the Green Climate Fund.
Bluewater Partners undertakes waste water treatment plant projects using advanced technology for water treatment and/or water recycling and investing, designing, constructing, operating and maintaining the relevant facilities. Bluewater Partners has an interest in the implementation of innovative technologies and has been developing potential projects together with potential users where such technologies can be included, thus came to an agreement to represent Thermowatt in Malaysia.
Indah Water Konsortium, on the other hand, is Malaysia's national sewerage company which has been entrusted with the task of developing and maintaining a modern and efficient sewerage system for all Malaysians. The collaboration between Thermowatt and Indah Water Konsortium aspires to recognise and analyse sewage potential for the implementation of Thermowatt technologies.
According to the Malaysian Minstry of Energy, Green Technology and Water, construction of the Langat 2 Water Treatment Plant (LRA) is expected to be fully completed as scheduled in December 2019. The project, which is currently in Phase 1, comprises 19 packages, involving Hulu Langat, Cheras, Sungai Besi, Bukit Jalil, Petaling, Bandar Kinrara, Bukit Dengkil, Ampang as well as Keramat AU3 in Selangor.
Langat 2 LRA was built due to high demand, increase in population and rapid growth in the Klang Valley, besides the expected increase of three per cent annually in water supply, as well as the need to increase the capacity of treated water supply to avoid a water crisis by 2020.
Currently, people in Selangor require 4,907 million liters of water everyday, against current production of only 4,431 million litres of water everyday from the 34 water treatment plants. Upon completion, the plant can produce up to 1130 MLD of processed water and is able to cater for the demand for the residents in Klang Valley up to year 2025.
(Sources: Bernama; MMC Engineering)
A year and a half after banning bauxite mining to force miners to meet environmental standards, Malaysia's exports to main customer China are again growing, raising public anger over illegal mining. Residents and politicians in the east coast bauxite mining region are calling for a total export ban of the aluminium raw material, but industry figures and analysts say shipments are likely to continue.
Malaysia halted bauxite mining in January last year, but allowed exports to continue to deplete vast stockpiles at ports where run-off after monsoon rains had polluted waters and led to a public outcry. But 18 months later, the stockpiles are the same size as they were at the start of the ban, even as Malaysia has exported more than 9 million tonnes of bauxite to China, according to Chinese import data.
Malaysia was briefly the largest bauxite supplier to top buyer China, with shipments peaking at nearly 3.5 million tonnes a month at the end of 2015 as miners rushed to fill a supply gap after neighbouring Indonesia banned ore exports.
But largely unregulated miners failed to secure stockpiles of bauxite and run-off from monsoon rains turned rivers and coastal seas red, contaminating water sources and leading to the mining ban in January last year. Exports to China fell to a low of 165,587 tonnes last December, but have since steadily climbed to hit 719,614 tonnes in May.
(Sources: Reuters, The Malaysian Insight)
There is an increasing trend in Malaysia to adopt and use greener and more efficient technology for a more sustainable energy generation to save for the future, better energy efficiency and cleaner environment. This comes in tandem with the government efforts to provide a conducive environment for a sustainable economy.
The Malaysian government is aiming to increase the generation of renewable energy as part of the energy supply mix for the future. According to the Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA), the target for renewable energy generation should reach 2080 MW or 11% by 2020. A Feed-in-tariff (FiT) mechanism has been introduced as one of the measures to achieve this goal where producers are given attractive premium rates to generate renewable energy either from solar, biomass/biogas, or mini hydro sources.
For the period Jan-Dec 2016, a total of 128 projects in renewable energy with total investments of USD 319.5 million were approved incentives, of which USD 314.84 million were from domestic sources (98.3%) and USD 5.43 million were from foreign (1.7%). These projects are expected to create 918 employment opportunities in this sub-sector. In comparison, for 2014, a total of 70 projects in renewable energy were approved incentives with total investments of USD 284.52 million.
(Sources: MIDA, SEDA)
According to a senior official from the Prime Minister's office, Malaysia is looking to implement new legislation ito make it compulsory for the construction industry to use the industrialised building system (IBS). This refers to pre-fabricated construction, in which building components are made in the factories under controlled environments and sent to the construction site to be assembled into a structure using minimal workforce. The components are then sent directly to the construction site, solving Malaysia's current problems during construction, namely noise pollution and waste disposal at the construction sites. Malaysia is considering giving members of the construction industry up to three years to build their own IBS factories before it is made compulsory. Various government agencies are collaborating to fine-tune the proposal to make the IBS compulsory.
(Source: Malay Mail Online)
The local authority of the Klang Valley in Malaysia has not done anything effective in managing e-waste, despite the environmental problem it is causing. As the populace chases after technological advancement, disposal of e-waste has reached an all-time high, but the issue has only been met with lukewarm concern from the public and the local councils. The country urgently needs a regulatory framework for e-waste management and implementation of a mandatory take-back system is vital. The current mechanism to take back e-waste relies largely on consumers’ voluntary efforts, but is limited, given the lack of collection points and public awareness.
In Malaysia, e-waste is grouped into nine major categories – air-conditioners, fans, washing machines, refrigerators, televisions, desktops, batteries, light bulbs and small appliances, which include mobile phones and laptops.
A 2015 Universiti Putra Malaysia report of soil contamination in several non-sanitary landfills in the Langat Water Catchment Area showed that heavy metal contamination was high at not only the landfills, but also in nearby agricultural and residential land. Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn), found to be in significant amounts at the sites, are typical minerals used in electronic gadgets.
(Sources: Bernama, Clean Malaysia)
It has been made obligatory for all development projects this year to prepare and submit the Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports as a condition for approval of the projects. According to the Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Minister, the developers only needed to prepare the EIA report where the SIA aspect was part of the report.
Realizing that social issues arose from development, the SIA report is vital to ensure that the social aspect was taken into account in planning and development carried out by the government and private sector. According to the Town and Country Planning (Amendment) Act 2017 (Act A1522) gazette on Jan 16 this year, developers required to assign two consultants to prepare the SIA report and EIA report .
(Source: The Star Online, Malay Mail)
Malaysia's Calfield Sdn. Bhd. has signed an MoU with Indonesia's PT Herfinta Farm & Plantation and Germany's Envitec Biogas AG. Under the MoU, Calfield, PT Herfinta and EnviTec will execute a joint venture in relation to the operation of PT Power Energi Nusantara Indonesia, a Joint Venture Company specially incorporated to develop and operate a biogas power plant. PT Power Energi Nusantara Indonesia has recently received the approval of Indonesia’s Investment Coordination Boardto commence its venture into the biogas sector with an approved initial investment of IDR 199 billion (USD 14.92 million) in North Sumatra, Indonesia.
(Source: MFA, Malaysia)
Indah Water Konsortium Sdn Bhd (IWK) has inked a collaboration agreement with Tokyo Metropolitan Sewerage Service Corp (TGS) to train 30 workers from both IWK and the National Water Services Commission Malaysia (SPAN) in Tokyo, Japan starting this year till 2018. The training is to be focused in the areas of operations and maintenance of sewerage systems, and will be supported by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (Jica) and the Bureau of Sewerage Services of Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
IWK had previously sent more than 100 of its staff to undergo training programmes organized and supported by Jica. Meanwhile, TGS president Kenichi Ogawa said the corporation has been working to improve sewerage services for more than 30 years since its establishment and that it will continue to provide full support for sewerage improvement in Malaysia. IWK, established in Malaysia in 1994, operates and maintain more than 6,500 sewage treatment plants, 1,000 network pumping stations and more than 18,000km of sewer network in the country.
(Source: The Star Online, Stock Hut)
The state of Selangor is taking another step forward in its environmental efforts by banning the user of free-use plastic bags and polystyrene containers as of 1 January 2017. The state’s council by-laws have been revised to support this policy and retailers have to agree to go plastic-free when applying for or renewing their licences. Selangor started the “No Plastic Bag Day” in 2010 with support from most supermarkets, mini markets and retail premises every Saturday. Customers are charged 20 cents for each plastic bag they require, with the money channelled to charity bodies or consumerism programmes and environmental conservation efforts.
(Source: The Star)
Malaysia's capital city Kuala Lumpur has launched a MYR 2.4 billion (USD 559.71 million) project to harvest rainwater in giant underground shafts, known as the Water Storage Controlling System (WSCS). Under the plan, private company ASI Air Simpanan will drill 1,200 giant vertical shafts to collect rainwater throughout the city.
The WSCS is a system of collection and storage of water into underground tube wells. The system is designed and patented by ASI engineers to harvest excessive rainwater. These tube wells are connected to one another in an integrated network of pipes, and the operation is computerised using a smart programme which processes rain prediction. The WSCS is able to operate intelligently via a weather satellite which can predict rainfall. The 1,200 tubes on average are 45 m to 60 m in depth, with a diameter of between 4.5 m and 6 m which can store up to 859,200 cu m of water. The company has identified 30 locations in Kuala Lumpur.
Kuala Lumpur consumes 33 million cu m of water a month, with a third of this coming from reservoirs around the sprawling city, and the rest piped in from rivers in other states. The capital city receives an average rainfall of 48 million cu m a month. As the rainwater collected will be polluted, there are plans to build localised water treatment plants that will use membrane filtration technology to treat the raw water to make it fit for consumption.
(Sources : The Straits Times, The Edge Financial Daily)
Veolia Water Technologies has announced that its joint venture with Permodalan Darul Ta’zim (PDT), a Johor State Government entity, has been awarded a new contract to support PETRONAS’ Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex (PIPC) in Johor, scheduled for completion in 2019. The PIPC is a project development in Johor. Strategically located at the south-east tip of Malaysia, it offers access to existing major international shipping lanes. The PIPC megaprojects spans 20,000 acres and will house oil refineries, naphtha crackers, petrochemical plants as well as a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminals and a regasification plant when completed.
Over a term of three years, Veolia will provide its expertise in the form of operations and maintenance support to PETRONAS’ raw water supply project or Projek Air Mentah RAPID(PAMER) for the PIPC. PAMER PETRONAS supplies 230 million liters per day of raw water to the whole of PIC and 30 MLD of raw water for the State Government.
(Source: Veolia Water Technologies)
The Johor state government has allocated close to MYR 80 million (USD 18.66 million) in its 2017 Budget to secure sufficient water supply in the long term, to fund 14 water management initiatives to address water-related problems, including finding new sources of water and overcoming supply disruptions.
Among the initiatives being planned are a raw water transfer project from Sungai Lenggor to the Congok Dam in Mersing costing MYR 65 million (USD 15.16 million); the building of two tube wells in Kota Tinggi at a cost of MYR 1 million (USD 233,211), and the implementation of the integrated river basin management at Sungai Johor, which will cost MYR 2 million (USD 466,422) a year for five years. Other projects include maintaining the Layang Hulu Dam and Layang Hilir Dam water catchment areas in Pasir Gudang, installing a water quality monitoring system at Sungai Johor, and implementing a management plan for the Sungai Gembut water catchment area in Kota Tinggi.
Johor has seen its water levels drop since early last year due to drought, pollution and rapid development. The state government is now keen to increase its knowledge and expertise to better manage its water resources and infrastructure.
(Source: The Straits Times)